Voleibol oiynynyn' shyg'y'y ja'ne damy' tarihy

Dene ta'rbiesi
IY'sy'pov Mirzahan Patсhahanuly, Voleibol oiynynyn' shyg'y'y ja'ne damy' tarihy

Maqala avtory: IY'sy'pov Mirzahan Patсhahanuly
Jumys orny: O.Q.O., Tu'rkistan qalasy, Rasy'l Isetov atyndag'y № 20 jalpy orta mektep
Lay'azymy: mug'alim
Portalg'a jariialany' merzimi: 08.02.2018


Voleibol oiynynyn' kindik kesken ortasy – Amerikanyn' Gelioke qalasy. Bul 1895 jyly bolg'an oqig'a edi.kolledj oqyty'shysy Viliam Morgan sabaq kezinde tennis ornyn eki syryqqa boilap jog'ary ko'terip qoiyp, oqy'shylarg'a dopty eki jaqqa dopty alma-kezek laqtyryp oinay'dy ko'rsetip, ony oqy'shylardyn' da qaitalay'yn talap etedi. Voleibol – degen so'zdin' mag'ynasy “ushatyn dop”

1896 jyly voleibol oiyny ko'pshilik nazaryna usynyldy, al 1897 jyly bul oiynnyn' erejesi jasalyndy. Voleibol  oiynynyn' Evropa memleketine taraly'y HH g'asyrdan bastalg'an. 1967 jyly CHehoslovakiiada tun'g'ysh ret alg'ashqy jarys uiymdastyryldy da, Frantsiia, Ry'myniia, Ay'g'anstan, Indiia, Qytai, Koreia, Japoniia ja'ne Rossiiada voleibol oiynyn qalay'shylardyn' arnaiy kly'btary ashyldy. 1947 jyly halyqaralyq voleibol federatsiiasy (FIVB) uiymdastyryldy.

Evropa memleketterinin' alg'ashqy birinshiligi 1948 jyly du'nie ju'zinin' birinshiligi 1949 jyly o'tkizildi.

Adam balasynyn' oilap tapqan a'rbir paidaly a'reketterinin' o'mirshen'digi onyn' qog'am mu'shelerinin' ortaq qazynasyna, o'mirlik saltqa ainaly'ynan ko'rinetin shyndyq. Olai bolsa biz a'n'gime etip otyrg'an voleibol sport oiyny – bar ult u'shinortaq qazyna, o'itkeni ony o'mirge qushtar jandar oilap tay'yp o'mir na'rine engizgen g'oi.

Voleibol – bizdin' halqymyz arasynda HH g'asyrdyn' 30-jyldarynan bastap ken' jaiyla bastag'an oiyn.

Voleibol  oiynyna ta'n erekshelik – onyn' ujymdyq sipaty, ol jastar u'shin ta'rbienin' sheshy'shi faktory ja'ne bizdin' qog'am jag'daiynda bala o'mirin uiymdastyry'dyn' negizgi formasy da dese qatelespeimiz.jeke tulg'anyn' jan – jaqty damy'y u'shin ujymda qolaily jag'daidyn' boly'y qajet. Tulg'a jarasymdy damy' mu'mkinshiligin ujymnan alatyn bolg'andyqtan ujymda tulg'anyn' bas bostandyg'y boly'y basty shart. Sebebi a'rbir o'zinin' mu'shelerin uiymdastyry' qajettigi qog'amnyn' o'zi betburys ujym retinde o'mir su'retindiginen ty'yndaidy.

Qog'amda ujymdardy ortaq is-a'reketterinin' tu'rlerine qarai ajyratady, solardyn' ishinde sport ujymdary sheshy'shi oryndardyn' birine jatady. Sebebi dene ta'rbiesi – ma'deniet pen sport, densay'lyq kepili, olai bolsa ujymdyq is-a'reketti tez sheshy'ge ko'mektesetin sport oiyndary, onyn' ishinde voleibol oiyny ja'ne ol oiyng'a qatysy'shylar elimizdin' a'ley'mettik – эkonomikalyq damy'yn tezdety', qog'am damy'ynyn' jan'a den'geiin jog'ary da'rejege ko'teredi. Osy jag'daida barlyq jastag'y qog'am mu'sheleri u'shin ortaq sport oiyny voleibol adamnyn' o'mirin, oqy'yn, sporttyq jetistikterin, jasampazdyg'yn, ku'sh qy'at ma'denietin uiymdas-tyry'dyn' en' tiimdi quraly.

Voleibol sport oiynymen ainalysatyn komanda ujymy  – bul sporttyq is-a'reketimen birigip toptasqan belgili maqsatta bag'yttalg'an turaqty birlestik ekendigin o'mir ko'rsetken shyndyq. Voleibol  oiynay'shy 12 adamnan turatyn eki komanda, milliong'a jy'yq ko'rermenderdi o'z to'n'iregine jinai qyzyqtatatyn keremet sport oiyny.

1964 jylyTokio olimpiadasynan bastap voleibol oiyny olimpiadalyq sport tu'ri retinde tanyldy. Al du'nie ju'zinin' ky'bogy u'shin ku'res 1965 jyldan bastap o'tkizilip keledi. Voleibol  oiyny tarihynda, onyn' erejesi ty'raly ko'ptegen jyldar boiy alay'yzdyqtar bolg'any bul sport tu'rinin' tarihynan belgili. Mysaly, 20-jyldarg'a deiin du'nie ju'zinde voleibol oiynynyn' eki ju'iesi qatar ju'rip otyrdy. Olar evropalyq ju'ie, iag'ni alan'g'a 6-oiynshydan turatyn komanda shyg'ary'  ja'ne aziialyq ju'ie, alan'g'a 9-adamnan tu'ratyn komandalar shyg'ary'. Biraq eki kontingent  o'kilderinin' o'zara tu'siny'shiligi  – du'nieju'zilik 6-ju'ieli oiyn o'rnegin qalyptastyrdy. KSRO tarihynda voleibol oiynynyn' alg'ashqy erejesi qabyldanyp, oiyn jan'a arnag'a tu'se bastady. O'te  qyzyq jag'dai Moskva qalasyndag'y alg'ashqy voleibol oiyn alan'y Meierhold, Kamernyi, Revoliy'tsiia ja'ne Vahtengov teatrlary janynan jasalynatyn, sondyqtan da Rossiiada voleibol oiyny “a'rtister oiyny”  – degen atqa da ie boldy. Tipti 1932 jyly Moskvadag'y U'lken teatr stsenasynda KSRO-nyn' ortalyq atqary' komitetinin' sessiia delegattaryna arnap voleibol oiynyn a'rtister ko'rsetken. Bul oiyn bar bolg'any 7-miny'tqa sozylypty, mine osy ku'nnen bastap voleibolg'a “halyqtyq” oiyn degen ataq berildi, – deidi voleibol oiyny tarihyn jazy'shy sport mamandary.

Voleibol  oiyny sportynan en' ko'p olimpiada medalin jen'ip alg'an komanda KSRO, olar 4-ret Olimpiada сhempiony atandy. Voleibol  oiyny 18h9 metrlik alan'da o'tedi, tordyn' jog'arg'y jag'y erler u'shin 243 sm biiktikke, a'ielder u'shin 224sm. jog'ary tirekke bailanady.

Qazirgi kezen'de kishi voleibol  oiyny da u'lken bedelge ie bolyp keledi. Olar: 9h4,5 nemese 9h6 metrlik sport alan'y, eger oinay'shy komandalar quramy 4:4 bolsa, onda alan' ko'lemi 12h6 metrden aspay'y kerek. Voleibol  oiyny u'shin daiyndalg'an doptyn' salmag'y ty'raly ba'seke ko'ptegen y'aqytqa sozylyp, olar 260-280gr. salmaqqa pa'ty'alasty. Qazirgi kezen'de halyqaralyq federatsiiag'a mu'she 173-ke jy'yq memleketter bar.

 

Qazaqstan voleibol tarihynda alg'ash ret KSRO-nyn' en'bek sin'irgen jattyqtyry'shysy atang'an Oktiabr Qydyrbai uly Jarylqapov. Onyn' sha'kirti Zan'g'ar Jarkeshov jetekshilik etken Qazaqstannyn' “By'revestnik” komandasy 1969 jyly KSRO –nyn' сhempiony, 1970-1971 jyldary voleiboldan Evropa ky'bogyn jen'ip aldy. Qazaq voleibolshylary V.Kravсhenko, Ja'nibek Say'rambaev, Oleg Antropov – olimpiadalyq, a'lem, evropa ja'ne KSRO сhempiondary. A'iel voleibolshylar tabysy da ay'yz toltyryp aitarlyq. Almatydag'y U'i qurylysy kombinaty komandasy 1984-1992 jyldar aralyg'ynda KSRO-nyn' сhempiony atandy. Al 1985 jyly Qazaqstandyq voleibolshy qyzdar Italiiada o'tken evropa ky'bogin jen'ip aldy. Almatynyn' “Azamat” atty erler komandasy 1993 jyly kly'btyq komandalar arasynda Aziia сhempiony atandy. Al 2001 jylg'y qyzdar arasynda Respy'blika birinshiligi 2001 jyldyn' sa'y'ir aiynda aiaqtaldy. Barlyq ty'rda qarsylastaryn qapy qaldyrg'an Almatynyn' “Rahaty” el сhempiony atag'yn jen'ip aldy. Qazaqstan quramasynyn' bazalyq kly'by bolyp sanalatyn “Rahattyq” ary'lar 2001 jylg'y 16-20 mamyrda Vetnam Respy'blikasynda o'tetin kly'btyq komandalar arasyndag'y Aziia birinshiliginde el namysyn qorg'ady. Komandanyn' bapkeri – Qazaqstandag'y voleibol oiynynyn' buryng'y maitalmany V.SHaprin. bul komandamen qatar elimizdin' abroiyn halyqaralyq jarystarda asqaqtaty'g'a atsalysar komandalar da bar. Olar – Almatylyq “Gloty'r”, Aqsai qalasynan “Qarashyg'anaq”, Astana qalasynan “Astana qanaty” atty voleibol sport oiynynyn' juldyzdary.

Qazirgi Qazaqstan Respy'blikasynyn' voleibolshy qyzdary kindik Aziiadag'y en' azy'ly oiynshylar qatarynda. Memleketimizdin' namysyn qorg'ay'shylar daiynday'da jetekshi tulg'alar bapkerler ekendigi belgili, biraq sol ulag'atty ustazdardyn' o'zderi u'shin de u'zdiksiz izdeny', u'irete otyryp kemeldeny' bul o'mir zan'y ekeni ba'rimizge ma'lim. Sondyqtan da avtorlar bul a'distemelik oqy' – quralyn bolashaq sport mamandary men jas bapkerler u'shin qosymsha a'distemelik qural retinde usyny'dy niet etken