On'tu'stik o'n'irde topyraq o'n'dey' ta'silderinin' qant qyzylshasyna a'seri

Biologiia
Bailesova Moldir Ganievna, On'tu'stik o'n'irde topyraq o'n'dey' ta'silderinin' qant qyzylshasyna a'seri

Maqala avtory: Bailesova Moldir Ganievna
Jumys orny: On'tu'stik qazaqstan ko'psalaly kolledji
Lay'azymy: Pedagogikalyq pa'nder bo'liminin' men'gery'shisi
Portalg'a jariialany' merzimi: 25.12.2018


Maqalada topyraqtyn' o'n'dey' ta'silderinin' onyn' ylg'aldylyqqa a'seri jo'ninde ma'limetter keltirilgen. Alyng'an ma'limetter boiynsha topyraqty o'n'degende qosarlang'an agregatty paidalana otyryp o'n'dey' ondag'y ylg'al qorynyn' jaqsy saqtaly'yna a'ser etip, on' na'tije beretindigi anyqtalg'an.

 

To the article the treatments given about influence of methods are driven on humidity of soil. The obtained data testify that at treatment of soils application of the coupled aggregates positively influence on good maintenance humidity of soil and give good results.

 

O'simdiktegi tirshilik protsesteri kletkada jetkilikti mo'lsherde ylg'al bolg'an jag'daida g'ana ju'retini belgili. Topyraqta ylg'al jetkiliksiz bolg'an jag'daida o'simdik nashar damyp qana qoimai, az o'nim beredi. Topyraqty tuqym seby' aldynda erterek o'n'dey'degi maqsat – ylg'aldy saqtay', aramsho'pterdi qurty', tuqymdy y'aqytynda seby'ge ja'ne onyn' birkelki o'nip shyg'y'yna jag'dai ty'g'yzy' [1].

On'tu'stik Qazaqstannyn' sy'armaly eginshilik ay'dandarynda jay'yn-shashyn mo'lsheri a'rtu'rli kelip, kei jyldary ol az, ylg'al jetkiliksiz, temperaty'ranyn' tez ysyp, erte ko'ktemde an'yzaq jeldin' jii boly'y da mu'mkin. Mundai jag'daida erte ko'ktemde jyrtylg'an jerdin' betine qabyrshaq on'ai turyp qalady, ku'zgi, qysqy kezo'n'de jinalg'an ylg'al tez by'lanady. Sondyqtan kezek ku'ttirmeitin negizgi mindet – ylg'aldy saqtay'.

N.G.Andreev [2] zerttey'inde topyraqty qant qyzylshasyn seberdin' da'l aldynda o'n'dey'din', qyzylshanyn' o'nimine tigizetin a'serin bily' u'shin, tu'rli topyraq o'n'deitin quraldardy salystyra otyryp, erte ko'ktemde ylg'al saqtay' u'shin LDG-5A sydyra jyrtqyshpen o'n'degende, ky'ltivatsiialang'an jerge qarag'anda topyraq ylg'aly 0-50 sm teren'dikte 9-10% artyq, qyzylsha 2-3 ku'n buryn ko'ktep shyg'yp ja'ne 1 metr uzyndyqtag'y o'simdiktin' sany 20 paiyzga ko'p bolg'an.

Egin shary'ashylyg'ynda ylg'al daqyldardyn' o'nimdilik sapasyna a'ser etetin negizgi faktor. Tuqym seber aldynda tu'rli o'n'dey' ta'silderi topyraqtyn' ylg'aldylyg'yna a'r tu'rli a'ser etedi. Topyraq o'n'tseitin a'r tu'rli quraldardyn' jumysyna bag'a bery' u'shin biz olardy arnaiy zerttedik. Topyraqty erte ko'ktemde ylg'al jaby' u'shin qyzylsha seberdin' aldynda ky'ltivatsiialay', diskiley', diskiley'+malalay', ky'ltivatsiialay' + malalay', RVK-3,6 agregaty ja'ne qosarlang'an agregattyn' a'serleri bir-birimen salystyryldy.

Ylg'al rejimin anyqtay' u'shin topyraq u'lgileri 3 merzimde: erte ko'ktemde, tuqym seber aldynda ja'ne 7-10 ku'nnen keiin alyndy. Ta'jiribe ju'rgizilgen jerdegi topyraqtyn' ylg'aldylyg'yn anyqtay' u'shin, bu'rmen u'sh ret qaitalanyp alynyp, zerthanalyq a'dispen anyqtaldy

Zerttey' ju'rgizilgen 2016 jyly topyraqtag'y ylg'aldyn' en' ko'p qory qysta jinaldy. Sondyqtan da, qysta jay'yn-shashynnyn' mo'lsheri ko'p mo'lsherde tu'sy'ine bailanysty, zerttey' ju'rgizilgen topyraqtag'y ylg'aldyn' en' kep jinaly'y baiqaldy. Keste ma'limetteri boiynsha, erte ko'ktemde ylg'al mo'lsheri 21,8-22,1 paiyz aralyg'ynda boldy. Al, tuqym seber aldynda a'r tu'rli o'n'dey' ta'silderi topyraqtyn' ylg'al saqtaly'yna tu'rli a'ser etken, iag'ni qosarlang'an agregatymen o'ndegen nusqada ylg'aldyn' mo'lsheri baqylay' nusqasymen salystyrg'anda jog'ary bolyp, tuqym seber aldynda 21,3 paiyzdy qurady. Al, 7-10 ku'nnen keiingi ylg'aldyn' mo'lsheri 20,1 paiyzdy kurap otyr. Budan an'g'aratynymyz, iag'ni qosarlang'an agregatymen o'n'degende, tukym sepkennen keiin de topyraqtag'y ylg'aldyn' mo'lsheri jaksy saqtalg'any baiqalady.

2017 jyly da jay'yn-shashynnyn' tu'simi ko'p mo'lsherde boldy. Munda tuqym seber aldynda, ky'ltivatsiia nusqasynda ylg'al qory 17,2 paiyz bolsa, qosarlang'an agregatymen o'n'degen nusqasynda 18,0 paiyz boldy.

 

2016-2017 jyldardag'y zerttey' barysyna jalpy toqtai ketsek, tuqym seber aldynda baqylay' ja'ne diskiley' nusqalaryn qosarlang'an agregatymen o'n'dey' nusqasymen salystyrg'anda, 1,1 paiyz ylg'al mo'lsheri az bolg'an. Al, 7-10 ku'nnen keiingi ylg'aldylyq qosarlang'an agregatymen o'n'dey' nusqasynda 18,1 paiyz bolyp, ylg'al qorynyn' artyqshyylyg'yn ko'rsetti. En' to'mengi ko'rsetkish baqylay' nusqasynda boldy. Osy baqylay' nusqasyn qosarlang'an agregatymen o'n'dey' nusqasymen salystyrg'anda, 1,3 paiyzg'a az boldy.

Qoryta kele, qosarlang'an topyraqty agregatpen o'n'degende, ondag'y ylg'aldyn' jaqsy saqtalatyndyg'y baiqalady.

 

A'debiet

  1. A'y'ezov A'.A', Ataqulov T.A., Su'leimenova N.SH., Jan'abaev Q.SH. Eginshilik. – Almaty, 2005. – 246 b.
  2. Andreev N.G. Ly'govoe i polevoe kormoproizvodstvo. – M., 1989. – 451 s.